Rule 12: Fouls and Misconduct. In FIFA's "Constitution", Laws of the Game, a foul is the act of kicking, tripping, jumping in/at, charging, striking or pushing an opponent. There's a difference between fouls and misconduct that many people fail to understand. A foul can occur when a player tries to get the ball from his opponent and kicks him or pushes him away accidentally, whereas misconduct means that a player willfully targets his opponent and punches, kicks or pushes him away.
Subject to the terms of Law 12, a player may pass the ball to his own goalkeeper using his head or chest or knee, etc. If, however, in the opinion of the referee, a player uses a deliberate trick while the ball is in play in order to circumvent the Law, the player is guilty of unsporting behavior.
In soccer, the largest set of rules regarding player behavior and how players might improperly interact with one another is contained in Law 12, “Fouls and Misconduct,” of the Laws of the Game. In addition to identifying the forms of improper behavior, Law 12 prescribes the penalties to be imposed on the individuals for their transgressions.
Law 12 Fouls and Misconduct. Direct and indirect free kicks and penalty kicks can only be awarded for offences committed when the ball is in play. Direct free kick. A direct free kick is awarded if a player commits any of the following offences against an opponent in a manner considered by the referee to be careless, reckless or using excessive force:
Heading of the ball is allowed in U12 (11 years old) and older games without limitations. Deliberate Heading. If a player deliberately heads the ball in a game with any portion of their head, an indirect free kick (IFK) is to be awarded to the opposing team from the spot of the offense.
The game being divided into two halves of 45 minutes each. Between these two halves is a 15 minute half-time interval where play is stopped and the two teams have a break before play is resumed. At the end of each half of the match, the referee may add on extra time if appropriate.
The ball is placed in the middle of the imaginary penalty area line. The ball or feet only can be used to mound the sand. Ball is in play when it is kicked and moves forward. All players except the kicker and the opposing goalkeeper must be 5 yards from the ball and even or behind the position of the ball.
In soccer, the referee may let play continue and not call a foul if he or she thinks that stopping play would give an advantage to the team committing the foul.